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How to Make Green Tea

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Green tea is the best beverage after water. This traditional Chinese medicine has countless health benefits. Be it cardiovascular or neurodegenerative diseases, obesity, diabetes, skin disorders, kidney disease or cancer, the antioxidants in green tea can fight them all.

But, the dilemma is, most of us do not know the correct way to prepare green tea. And, if you don’t prepare it correctly, it will not provide any health benefit and will end up tasting bitter and grassy. So, it is important that you learn and master the method of preparing green tea.

What Is Green Tea?

Green tea or Camellia sinensis is a nonfermented tea that is rich in antioxidants. Though green tea, black tea, and oolong tea all come from the same plant, Camellia sinensis, green tea leaves have to be picked differently. The tea pickers have to pick the fresh leaves from the apex. These leaves are then processed in a way that prevents too much oxidation. And it is this picking and processing ritual that makes green tea so antioxidant-rich.

How Green Tea Improves Your Health

The catechins in green tea are antioxidants, which are responsible for all the health benefits. The main catechins present in green tea are epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), epicatechin-3 gallate (ECG), and epigallocatechin-3 gallate (EGCG). But the most potent catechin is EGCG. Now, since EGCG is an antioxidant, it scavenges the harmful free oxygen radicals and protects the DNA from damage, prevents unlimited cell proliferation, blocks cancer signaling pathways, prevents fat accumulation, protects from microbial infections, decreases fatigue, and strengthens the immune system. It is, therefore, clear that drinking green tea on a regular basis improves your health in many different ways. So, without much ado, let me tell you how you should prepare green tea at home.

How To Make Green Tea At Home

Making the perfect cup of green tea involves just a few steps. You can prepare green tea in mainly two different ways but can add many other useful ingredients along with green tea. Let’s start with the basic recipes.

1. How To Prepare Green Tea With Leaves

Green tea preparation is different than that of black tea that we make at home. You need to follow some simple steps. While making green tea, do keep in mind that if the tea leaves are steeped in water that’s over 90°C, the tea will become bitter. So, steep it in water that’s not too hot. Here are the steps for green tea brewing with leaves.

What You Need
  • Green tea leaves – the basic quantity would be 1 teaspoon for 1 cup of green tea. You may also use green tea pearls.
  • A tea strainer. Wash and dry it – this step is necessary if you use this strainer to make regular black tea.
  • A cup
  • A stainless steel pot
  • 1 cup of water
Method
  • Take one teaspoon of green tea leaves. If you want to make more than a cup of green tea, take 1 teaspoon of green tea leaves for each cup. So, take 4 teaspoons of green tea leaves for 4 cups of green tea.
  • Take the tea leaves in a strainer/sieve and keep aside.
  • Take a stainless steel pot/pan and boil the water. If you want to use a glass teapot instead, go ahead. The ideal temperature for green tea is 80°C to 85°C, so keep an eye on the water to make sure it’s not boiling. If it starts boiling anyway, just switch off the gas/heat and let it cool for a bit (say, for 30-45 seconds).
  • Place the sieve/ strainer over the cup or mug.
  • Pour the hot water into the cup and let the tea steep for 3 minutes. This is the step where we need to be very careful. Not everyone likes their tea strong, so, to check whether the tea is just right, keep a spoon handy and drink a spoonful of tea every 30-45 seconds to find out if the flavor is right for you.
  • Take out the sieve and keep it aside. If you want, you may add 1 teaspoon honey.
  • Stir the honey in and let the drink cool for a few seconds. Enjoy your cup of green tea.

2. How To Make Green Tea With Tea Bags

Green tea bags are, well, convenient for many people. They are portable and can be made into a hot cuppa quickly – all you need is a cup of hot water. So, here’s how you can prepare a cup of green tea with a green tea bag.

What You Need
  • 1 good-quality green tea bag
  • 1 cup of hot water
  • 1 stainless steel/clay cup
  • A lid to cover the cup
  • A stainless steel pot
Method
  • Heat the water in a stainless steel pot. Make sure it doesn’t come to a boiling point, which is 100 degrees C.
  • The temperature of the water should be around 80-85 degrees C.
  • Put the green tea bag into the clay or stainless steel cup.
  • Pour the hot water into the cup and cover it with a small lid. Let it steep for 3 minutes.
  • After 3 minutes is over, remove the lid and remove the tea bag.
  • Stir with a spoon and take a rejuvenating sip!

3. How To Brew Green Tea With Powder

You may also prepare green tea using green tea powder, which is available readily in the market. Here’s the best way to make green tea using green tea powder.

What You Need
  • Green tea powder – 1 and a ½ teaspoon
  • Water – 1 cup
  • 1 teaspoon of honey
Method
  • Take a cup of water in a stainless steel bowl or glass bowl and heat it. Remember, green tea turns bitter when it is overheated, so just keep a check on the temperature. Use a kitchen thermometer to see if it’s around 85°C.
  • Turn the heat off once it reaches the boiling point. Now, let it cool for a few seconds.
  • Add the green tea powder to the water. The ideal green tea brew time to soak is about 3 minutes, but you may take a sip after 1 ½ minute to check if the flavor is strong enough.
  • After 3 minutes, the color should have changed to brown. Pour it through a strainer.
  • Add honey to the tea and pour into the cup.

Green Tea Brewing Tips

Maintain Tea To Water Ratio

When it comes to preparing green tea, you must maintain 3:5 green tea to water ratio. This means if you take 3 grams of green tea, you must take 5 oz water to prepare it.

Water Quality

Earlier, water was less polluted, but now it’s a different story. Therefore, we emphasize on the quality of water. The water that you use must be filtered. You can also use tap water if you trust the source. Do not use distilled water.

Water Temperature

Water temperature is highly crucial when it comes to preparing green tea. Do not boil the water as too hot water can reduce the healthy properties of green tea. Always maintain a temperature of 85 degrees C or 170 degrees F.

Brewing Vessel

Choose a small brewing vessel, about 100-200 ml, for a single serving. You can use traditional Chinese or Japanese tea brewing vessels. They are known as gaiwan or shiboridashi.

Steep Time

You do not need to steep it for too long. A good 2-3 minutes will do the trick. Moreover, if you steep green tea beyond the limit of 3 minutes, the green tea will turn bitter and grassy in taste.

Removing The Tea

You may use a strainer to pour the tea into a different cup. Or, you can use an infuser.

Healthy Green Tea Recipes

1. Cinnamon Green Tea

Ingredients
  • 1 inch Ceylon cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon green tea leaves
  • 1 cup of water
How To Prepare
  • Transfer the water to a stainless steel pot.
  • Toss the cinnamon stick into the pot and boil the water for 10 minutes.
  • Now, let it cool down till the water’s temperature comes down to 85 degrees C.
  • Add 1 teaspoon of green tea to the pot and let it steep for 2-3 minutes.
  • Strain the tea into your cup and enjoy!

2. Lemongrass Green Tea

Ingredients
  • 2 teaspoons chopped lemongrass
  • 1 teaspoon green tea leaves
  • 1 cup of water
  • 1 teaspoon honey
How To Prepare
  • Transfer the water to a stainless steel pot.
  • Toss in the lemongrass and bring the water to a boil. Let it boil for 5 minutes.
  • Remove the pot from the flame and let the water cool till the temperature is 80-85 degrees C.
  • Now, add the green tea and let it steep for 3 minutes.
  • Strain the tea into your cup.
  • Add honey and stir well before drinking.

Bottomline

Hope you liked our post on how to make green tea in a perfect way. Follow these steps to make your own green tea perfectly in the way you like. Sip away and reap its benefits.

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